Sunday, December 5, 2010

How does your child hear and talk?

          Every child is unique and has an individual rate of  development. This chart represents, on average, the age by which most children will accomplish the listed skills.              
 3 to 4 years
Hearing and Understanding:
¨ Hears you when you call from another room.
¨ Hears television or radio at the same loudness level as other family members.
¨ Understands simple who, what, where, why questions.
¨ Talks about activities at school or at friends’ homes.
¨ People outside family usually understand child’s speech.
¨ Uses a lot of sentences that have 4 or more words.
¨ Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words.
4 to 5 years
Hearing and Understanding:
¨ Pays attention to a short story and answers simple questions about it.
¨ Hears and understands most of what is said at home and in school.
¨ Voice sounds clear, like other children’s.
¨ Uses sentences that give lots of details.
¨ Tells stories that stick to the topic.
¨ Communicates easily with other children and adults.
¨ Says most sounds correctly except a few, like l, s, r, v, z, sc, sh, th.
¨ Uses the same grammar as rest of family. 

  Children typically don’t master all items in a category until they reach the upper age in each range. If your child hasn’t accomplished one skill within the age range, this doesn’t mean she has a disorder. However, if you have answered no to the majority of items in an age range, seek the advice of an ASHA-certified speech-language pathologist or audiologist. Information provided by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.